what is react?

Learn the basics of React JS and kickstart your journey into web development



React, also known as React.js or ReactJS, is a dynamic and user-friendly open-source JavaScript library designed for creating engaging user interfaces and UI components. Initially developed by Facebook, React excels in single-page applications where user interactions are frequent and dynamic. It empowers developers with the ability to create reusable UI components and efficiently manage application state. One of its standout features is the virtual DOM (Document Object Model), enabling smart updates to specific DOM sections, resulting in improved performance and a seamless user experience.

At its core, React adopts a declarative approach, allowing developers to express the desired outcome while letting React manage UI updates to align with the specified state. The library follows a component-based architecture, deconstructing the UI into modular and reusable components, providing a scalable and maintainable structure. React often collaborates with complementary tools and libraries like Redux for state management and React Router for navigation in single-page applications. This collaborative ecosystem has propelled React to widespread acclaim within the web development community, with major players such as Facebook, Instagram, and Airbnb utilizing its power for constructing expansive web applications.



a. Code Reusability

React's component-based architecture promotes the creation of modular UI components, enhancing code reusability across different parts of an application or entirely different projects. This not only saves development time but also ensures uniformity in applying changes or improvements across reused components.

b. Data Binding

React simplifies and enhances data binding, fostering seamless synchronization between the application state and the user interface. Leveraging the virtual DOM, React selectively updates components that have changed, streamlining user input handling and ensuring a harmonized display.

c. Improved Performance

Central to React's performance optimization is the virtual DOM, which maintains a lightweight representation of the actual DOM. React efficiently identifies and updates specific elements requiring modification, minimizing computational effort and resulting in improved overall performance and a fluid user experience.

d. Easy to Use

React's syntax and structure are intentionally designed to be clear and user-friendly. Its declarative approach empowers developers to articulate desired outcomes rather than getting bogged down in implementation intricacies. Extensive documentation and a vibrant community make React accessible to developers of all expertise levels, contributing to its reputation for ease of use.






Description: A React-based framework that facilitates server-side rendering, static site generation, and routing to simplify the development of production-ready React applications.


Description: A static site generator for React that aids in building fast, optimized, and content-rich websites. Gatsby.js pulls data from various sources, including CMS platforms, to generate static pages at build time.

Create React App (CRA)

Description: While not a framework, Create React App is a command-line tool that sets up a new React project with a sensible default configuration. It enables developers to quickly start building React applications without configuring build tools.


Description: Although not a framework, Redux is a state management library commonly used with React. It helps manage the state of a React application predictably, particularly in larger applications with complex state logic.


Description: A popular React UI framework implementing Google's Material Design principles. Material-UI provides a set of pre-designed React components for building consistent and visually appealing user interfaces.

Ant Design

Description: A design system and React UI library offering high-quality components following the Ant Design specification. Known for its sleek and customizable design.

Chakra UI

Description: A simple and modular component library for building React applications with a focus on accessibility. Chakra UI provides accessible and customizable components to streamline UI development.


Description: A state management library for React applications developed by Facebook. Recoil aims to provide a simple and scalable solution for managing application state.


Description: While not a framework for building applications, Storybook is a development environment for UI components. It allows developers to document, test, and interact with isolated React components in a sandboxed environment.



A. Components

React components can be created using either function components or class components.

Function Component:

import React from 'react';

function MyComponent() {
  return <div>Hello, I am a functional component!</div>;

export default MyComponent;


Class Component:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class MyComponent extends Component {
  render() {
    return <div>Hello, I am a class component!</div>;

export default MyComponent;


B. Props

Props (short for properties) are used to pass data from a parent component to a child component.

Example of passing props to a child component:

Parent Component:

import React from 'react';
import ChildComponent from './ChildComponent';

function ParentComponent() {
  const message = "Hello from parent!";
  return <ChildComponent message={message} />;

// Child Component
import React from 'react';

function ChildComponent(props) {
  return <div>{props.message}</div>;

export default ChildComponent;


C. Virtual DOM

The virtual DOM is a programming concept where an ideal or "virtual" representation of the user interface is kept in memory. React uses it to improve performance by minimizing direct manipulations of the actual DOM. React handles the virtual DOM internally, so developers primarily interact with the regular DOM using JSX syntax.

Example JSX code:

import React from 'react';

function MyComponent() {
  return (
      <p>Hello, Virtual DOM!</p>
      <p>This is a React component.</p>

export default MyComponent;


D. State

State is used to manage and store data that can change over time in a React component. State is initialized in a class component using the constructor and this.state.

Example of using state in a class component:

import React, { Component } from 'react';

class Counter extends Component {
  constructor(props) {
    this.state = { count: 0 };

  render() {
    return (
        <p>Count: {this.state.count}</p>
        <button onClick={() => this.setState({ count: this.state.count + 1 })}>

export default Counter;




React is a powerful and widely embraced JavaScript library for crafting user interfaces, offering features that have contributed to its popularity in the web development community.

Key Takeaways

  1. Declarative Approach: React's declarative syntax allows developers to express desired UI outcomes, leading to more concise and maintainable code.

  2. Component-Based Architecture: React's architecture promotes code reusability, modularity, and scalability by encouraging the creation of independent, reusable components.

  3. Virtual DOM Efficiency: React's virtual DOM optimizes performance by maintaining a lightweight representation of the actual DOM, resulting in improved application performance.

  4. Robust Ecosystem: React's dynamic ecosystem, including libraries like Redux and tools like React Router, enhances development efficiency.

  5. Data Binding and Props: React's one-way data binding and use of props enable efficient communication between components.

  6. Ease of Adoption: React's simplicity, documentation, and community support make it accessible to developers of all levels of expertise.

  7. Wide Industry Adoption: React is used across diverse industries for projects of varying scales, showcasing its versatility.

  8. Continuous Enhancement: Actively maintained by Facebook and the open-source community, React receives regular updates, ensuring its relevance in modern web development